12 Effective Ways on How to Get Rid of Birds on Roof and Inside It

how to get rid of birds on roof

Struggling with uninvited feathered guests? Discover how to get rid of birds on roof and inside it too, without causing harm. This guide offers humane, effective strategies to reclaim your rooftop tranquility and prevent potential damage. Whether they’re nesting above or within, we’ve got you covered.

Understanding the Attraction


Birds are drawn to roofs and attic spaces for a variety of reasons, all of which stem from their basic survival instincts. Understanding these attractions is crucial for devising effective deterrent strategies. Here are the primary reasons birds choose roofs as their perching or nesting sites:

Warmth and Shelter

Roofs provide an ideal source of warmth and shelter for birds, especially during colder months. The heat that escapes from homes can make roof spaces particularly inviting. Additionally, overhanging eaves and architectural features offer protection from the elements, making roofs a preferred spot for nesting and roosting.

Safety from Predators

Elevated positions like rooftops offer birds a safe haven from ground-based predators such as cats and foxes. The height gives them a vantage point to easily spot and escape from threats, making rooftops a secure place for nesting and raising their young.

Food Sources

Birds are also attracted to roofs because they often find food in gutters and crevices, such as insects, worms, or leftover pet food. In urban areas, the abundance of refuse and food scraps can also attract birds to human settlements, with roofs offering a convenient nearby perch.

Nesting Opportunities

Certain architectural features, such as loose tiles or openings in eaves, provide perfect nesting sites. Birds like sparrows and starlings look for small crevices or cavities to build their nests, and roof spaces often present the ideal undisturbed location for this purpose.

Social Interaction

Some bird species are highly social and prefer to live in close proximity to each other. Roofs can accommodate large numbers of birds, allowing for social interaction and communal roosting, which is particularly common in species like pigeons.

Territorial Behavior

Birds, especially those that are territorial like swallows, may choose roofs to establish and defend their territory. High vantage points allow them to oversee their area and assert dominance over intruders.

Migratory Rest Stops

For migratory birds, roofs can provide a much-needed rest stop. During long migrations, birds expend a lot of energy and require places to rest and refuel. A roof can offer a temporary refuge for these weary travelers.

Understanding these motivations helps in addressing the root causes of bird attraction to roofs. By mitigating these factors, homeowners can make their roofs less inviting and thus reduce the likelihood of birds choosing their homes as nesting or resting sites.

Potential Problems Caused by Birds on and in Roofs


Birds finding refuge on or within your roof isn’t just a minor inconvenience; it can lead to a range of significant issues that can affect the structural integrity, aesthetics, and health conditions of your home. Here’s an expanded look at the potential problems caused by birds nesting on and inside roofs:

Structural Damage

Birds, particularly larger species, can cause noticeable damage to roofing materials. Their nesting materials, twigs, leaves, and debris can clog gutters and downspouts, leading to water overflow and damage to the roof and walls. Over time, the acidic nature of bird droppings can also erode roofing materials, leading to leaks and weakening the structural integrity of the roof.

Blocked Gutters and Drains

Nesting materials and droppings can block gutters and drains, preventing proper water drainage. This can cause water to pool on the roof, leading to leaks and water damage over time. In winter, blocked gutters can contribute to ice dam formation, which further damages the roof and eaves.

Noise and Disturbances

The presence of birds, especially in large numbers, can be noisy. Early morning chirping and the sounds of birds moving around can be particularly disturbing, affecting the peaceful enjoyment of your home.

Health Risks from Droppings

Bird droppings are not only unsightly but can pose serious health risks. They can harbor diseases such as histoplasmosis, cryptococcosis, and psittacosis, which can be transmitted to humans through inhalation of airborne particles from dried droppings. The accumulation of droppings can also create a slipping hazard on walkways and entrances.

Attracting Other Pests

Birds nesting on or in your roof can attract other pests, including mites, ticks, fleas, and even rodents. These pests can migrate from the bird nests into your home, leading to a secondary infestation that requires additional control measures.

Insulation Damage

When birds nest inside roof spaces, their activities can compress or displace insulation material, reducing its effectiveness. This can lead to increased heating and cooling costs and create uncomfortable temperature fluctuations inside the home.

Electrical Hazards

Birds building nests in attics or roof spaces can inadvertently damage electrical wiring. Chewing on wires or nesting materials coming into contact with electrical components can create fire hazards, posing serious risks to the household.

Aesthetic Damage

Bird droppings and nesting materials can mar the appearance of your home’s exterior. Persistent droppings on roofs, walls, and windows can be difficult to clean and may stain surfaces, diminishing the aesthetic appeal and potentially affecting the property’s value.

Legal and Ethical Challenges

Dealing with birds, especially those that are protected by law, requires careful consideration to avoid legal repercussions and ethical dilemmas. It’s important to address bird problems humanely and in compliance with local wildlife protection regulations.

Addressing the presence of birds on and within your roof promptly and effectively is crucial to preventing these potential problems. Employing humane deterrents and solutions can mitigate the issues while respecting the birds’ well-being.

How to Get Rid of Birds on Roofs


Dealing with birds on your roof requires a humane approach that deters them without causing harm. There are various strategies, including DIY solutions, that can effectively discourage birds from nesting or perching on your roof. Here are 12 humane deterrents and solutions:

1. Bird Spikes

Bird spikes are a highly effective and humane way to deter birds from landing on ledges, window sills, and rooflines. These spikes are not designed to harm birds but rather to create an uncomfortable surface that discourages perching. They are typically made from durable materials like stainless steel or polycarbonate and can be easily installed on various surfaces.

For homeowners looking for a DIY approach, bird spikes can be attached using adhesive, screws, or ties, depending on the surface material and the spike’s base design. Regular inspection to ensure the spikes remain clean and effective is recommended, as debris accumulation can reduce their efficacy.

2. Netting

Bird netting serves as a physical barrier to block birds from accessing specific areas like rooftops, balconies, or garden spaces. The netting should be installed so it covers the desired area completely, leaving no gaps for birds to squeeze through.

For effective installation, secure the netting to the roof’s edges using anchors, clips, or ties, ensuring it is taut to prevent birds from becoming entangled. Bird netting comes in various sizes and materials, allowing for customization based on the specific bird species you’re dealing with and the aesthetic considerations of your property.

3. Reflective Tape

This simple yet effective method involves hanging strips of reflective tape from the roof or nearby structures. The tape flutters in the wind, creating a visual and auditory disturbance that birds find disorienting.

For a DIY approach, cut the tape into strips and hang them at intervals around the roof’s perimeter or in areas where birds frequently land. The sunlight reflecting off the tape creates a dynamic pattern that birds tend to avoid. Regularly moving the tape to different locations can prevent birds from becoming accustomed to it.

4. Decoy Predators

Placing lifelike decoys of predatory birds, such as hawks, owls, or falcons, on or near your roof can effectively deter smaller birds. For best results, move the decoys periodically to simulate natural movement, preventing birds from realizing they are not a threat.

Some decoys come with additional features like reflective eyes or the ability to move in the wind, enhancing their deterrent effect. It’s important to choose high-quality, realistic decoys and to place them in visible, strategic locations for maximum impact.

5. Ultrasonic Devices

These devices emit sounds at frequencies that are uncomfortable for birds but beyond human hearing range. When installing ultrasonic devices, consider the area coverage and adjust the settings according to the manufacturer’s recommendations to target specific bird species.

Placement is key; devices should be positioned so that the sound covers the problem areas without being obstructed. Regular maintenance is required to ensure the devices remain effective, including checking power sources and cleaning the speakers to prevent blockage.

6. Wind Chimes

The unpredictable movement and gentle sound of wind chimes can act as a natural bird deterrent. For optimal effectiveness, choose wind chimes made from reflective materials like metal or glass, which add a visual deterrent to the auditory one.

Hang the chimes in areas where birds are most problematic, ensuring they are free to move and catch the light. The combination of sound and light reflections creates an environment that most birds will find unsettling and choose to avoid.

7. Sloped Sheathing

Birds prefer flat surfaces for landing and nesting, making sloped sheathing an effective deterrent. Installing angled panels or modifying surfaces where birds frequently land can make it difficult for them to maintain their footing, discouraging them from staying. This solution can be particularly effective on flat roof sections or ledges.

Homeowners can install sloped sheathing using materials that match their existing roof for aesthetic coherence. The angle of the slope is crucial; it should be steep enough to prevent birds from landing comfortably but in harmony with the roof’s overall design.

8. Bird Gel

Non-toxic bird repellent gel creates a sticky surface that birds dislike. It can be applied along ledges, rooflines, and other surfaces where birds perch. The gel is not harmful to birds but makes the surface uncomfortable for them to land on.

When applying bird gel, wear gloves and use a caulking gun for even distribution. The gel is weather-resistant but may need reapplication over time or after heavy rainfall. It’s transparent, ensuring minimal visual impact on your property’s aesthetics.

9. Bird Wire

A tensioned wire system creates an unstable landing platform for birds, effectively deterring them from perching on treated surfaces. The wire is stretched and secured between posts installed at strategic points along the roofline or other perching areas.

The instability of the wire makes it difficult for birds to balance, encouraging them to find alternative perching spots. Bird wire systems are discreet and can be installed on a variety of surfaces without significantly altering the appearance of the building.

10. Water Jets

Automated water jets, equipped with motion sensors, can be an effective deterrent when birds land on your roof. These systems spray a burst of water when movement is detected, startling the birds without causing harm.

The key is to position the jets so they cover the areas where birds are most problematic. It’s important to use this method judently to conserve water and ensure it’s activated only by birds, not by wind or other non-target movements.

11. Garden Balls

Large, colorful balls placed in garden areas or visible from the roof can deter birds due to their eye-like appearance and movement. Birds are naturally wary of large, staring eyes, interpreting them as potential threats.

These balls can be DIY projects, using weather-resistant materials and vibrant colors for maximum effect. Placing them at varying heights and locations near the roof can enhance their deterrent effect, making the area less inviting to birds.

12. Aromatic Deterrents

Certain natural scents, such as those from essential oils like peppermint, eucalyptus, or citronella, can be unappealing to birds. Soak cotton balls or fabric strips in these oils and place them in areas where birds are a problem.

The scent will need to be refreshed periodically to maintain its effectiveness. This method is best used in conjunction with other deterrents, as the scent alone may not be enough to deter all bird species.

When implementing these solutions, it’s important to rotate or combine different methods to prevent birds from becoming accustomed to a single deterrent. Always ensure that the measures you take are legal, ethical, and non-lethal to the birds. Regular monitoring and maintenance of these deterrents will help maintain their effectiveness over time.

How to Get Rid of Birds in the Roof


Dealing with birds that have taken up residence inside your roof or attic requires a careful and humane approach. Birds may find their way into these spaces through damaged roofing, gaps under eaves, or open vents, seeking shelter for nesting. Here’s an expanded guide on how to safely and effectively remove birds from within roof spaces:

  1. Inspection and Identification: The first step is to conduct a thorough inspection of your roof and attic to identify how birds are entering. Look for signs of nesting, such as twigs, feathers, and droppings, and listen for sounds of bird activity, especially during dawn and dusk when birds are most active. Identifying the species can also help tailor your removal strategy, as different birds may have different behaviors and legal protections.
  2. Seal Entry Points: Once you’ve located the entry points, wait until you’re sure the birds have left (usually at dusk or dawn) to temporarily seal these points with a breathable material like mesh or netting. This prevents the birds from returning while you prepare a more permanent solution, without trapping any birds inside.
  3. Provide an Alternative Exit: If birds are already nesting inside, it’s crucial to provide an alternative exit before sealing the primary entry point permanently. One-way doors or valves can allow birds to leave but prevent them from re-entering. This humane approach ensures birds aren’t trapped inside, which could lead to distress or death.
  4. Permanent Repairs: After ensuring all birds have vacated the premises, proceed with permanent repairs to close off any entry points. This might involve replacing damaged tiles, sealing gaps, or installing vent covers. High-quality materials and professional repair techniques can ensure these points remain secure against future intrusions.
  5. Clean and Disinfect: Nesting materials and droppings can pose health risks and attract insects or other pests. Once the birds have been safely removed, thoroughly clean and disinfect the affected area, wearing protective gear to avoid exposure to potential pathogens. This step is essential to prevent health risks to occupants and reduce the chance of attracting other birds or pests.
  6. Install Deterrents: To prevent future nesting, consider installing deterrents like spikes, netting, or wire mesh around potential entry points. These measures can make your roof less appealing to birds looking for nesting sites.
  7. Monitor and Maintain: Regularly inspect your roof and attic for signs of bird activity, especially during nesting seasons. Promptly address any new damage or potential entry points to prevent birds from re-establishing a presence.
  8. Consult Professionals: If the bird problem persists or you’re dealing with a protected species, consulting with wildlife control professionals or an ornithologist can provide guidance on safe and legal removal methods. They can also assist with more complex situations, ensuring compliance with wildlife protection laws.

Removing birds from within roof spaces not only requires humane eviction and exclusion strategies but also a proactive approach to prevent future invasions. Regular maintenance, combined with an understanding of bird behavior, can keep your roof bird-free while respecting the natural environment.

Preventive Measures


Taking proactive steps to deter birds from making your roof their home is essential in preventing the myriad of issues they can cause. Implementing preventive measures not only helps in avoiding immediate problems but also contributes to the long-term maintenance and integrity of your roof. Here’s an expanded look at effective preventive strategies:

1. Seal Entry Points

One of the most effective ways to prevent birds from nesting inside your roof is by sealing off potential entry points. Inspect your roof for any gaps, loose tiles, or openings around eaves and vents. Use appropriate materials like mesh wire, metal flashing, or sealant to block these access points, ensuring that birds cannot find a way inside.

2. Regular Maintenance

Regular roof maintenance is key in deterring birds. This includes cleaning gutters and downspouts to remove nesting materials and food sources, such as insects and debris. Repairing damaged roofing materials promptly will eliminate potential nesting spots and reduce the roof’s attractiveness to birds.

3. Remove Food Sources

Birds are often attracted to roofs because of the availability of food. Ensure that trash bins are securely covered and that pet food is not left outside. If possible, minimize standing water on your property, which can attract insects that, in turn, attract birds.

4. Trim Trees and Vegetation

Overhanging branches can provide easy access to your roof for birds. By trimming trees and vegetation near your home, you reduce this accessibility, making your roof less appealing as a perch or nesting site.

5. Install Sloped Sheathing

Birds prefer flat surfaces for landing and nesting. Installing sloped sheathing on flat areas of your roof can make it difficult for birds to land and maintain their balance, discouraging them from staying.

6. Use Bird Spikes or Coils

Installing bird spikes or coils on favored perching spots can physically prevent birds from landing on your roof. These deterrents are especially effective for larger birds and can be installed along edges, ridges, and gutters.

7. Reflective and Visual Deterrents

Birds are often scared away by unexpected visual cues. Reflective objects, such as mirrors, old CDs, or specialized reflective tape, can disorient birds and discourage them from approaching. Visual deterrents like predator decoys can also be effective in making birds feel threatened and less likely to settle on your roof.

8. Limit Water Sources

Birds need water for drinking and bathing, so eliminating accessible water sources on your property can make it less attractive. Repair leaky outdoor faucets and ensure that water doesn’t pool on your roof or in gutters.

9. Use Sound Deterrents

Certain sound frequencies are unpleasant to birds but inaudible to humans. Ultrasonic bird repellers can create an uncomfortable environment for birds without disturbing residents.

By implementing these preventive measures, you can significantly reduce the likelihood of birds choosing your roof as their nesting or perching site. These strategies not only help in maintaining the aesthetic and structural integrity of your home but also ensure a harmonious coexistence with our feathered friends.


Addressing the issue of birds on and inside your roof is essential for the integrity of your home and peace of mind. By employing these 7 humane and effective strategies, you can deter birds safely and ensure they find more suitable habitats away from your living spaces.

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